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What are the Differences Between Samoa and American Samoa?
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The differences between Samoa and American Samoa are subtle but many and start right there. Samoa (pronounced Saa-Moh-uh) is an independent nation made up of 2 main islands, Upolu and Savaii and several smaller and uninhabited islands. American Samoa is one main island with a few smaller islands that is an overseas territory of the United States. Samoa Americana tiene unos 55.000 habitantes que sirven en el ejército de Estados Unidos y pueden vivir y trabajar en el resto del país. 'No puedes votar en EE.UU., tienes que naturalizarte. American Samoa is located in the center of the Pacific Ocean, halfway between Hawaii in the north and New Zealand in the south. Our geographic coordinates are 14 degrees 16 degrees south, 170 degrees 42 degrees west. Immigration. American Samoa has its own Immigration Laws for all foreign visitors entering the Territory. A Samoa Americana é um destino tropical de beleza natural exuberante e rico em cultura polinésia. A principal atração é o National Park of American Samoa (Parque Nacional da Samoa Americana), que abrange partes das ilhas de Tutuila, Ta’u, and Ofu. Mergulhe, faça snorkeling e caminhe pelas paisagens intocadas da floresta tropical, das ... Samoa Americana, un archipiélago polinesio que se encuentra en Oceanía, es la única isla perteneciente a los Estados Unidos, y el único territorio del país norteamericano que todavía está limpio del COVID-19, y que incluso es uno de los pocos lugares sin positivos por coronavirus. Talofa! Welcome to American Samoa. Welcome to the American Samoa Government Website. This website fulfills one of our objectives to be transparent by providing information on the work the American Samoa Government is doing for the people of American Samoa. American Samoa Tourism: Tripadvisor has 1,478 reviews of American Samoa Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best American Samoa resource.
I think it’s pretty clear at this point that Super Rugby will not return to its previous form, nor should it. The competition has been plagued with a lack of fan engagement, financial sustainability and overall quality. Various plans have been proposed to fix this, but none have quite cut to the core of the problems I believe facing Super Rugby. So, without having any say in the process or any other outlet, I’ve resorted to making a reddit post outlining what I think should be done. Broad Points Split Super Rugby into two competitions:
Australia and New Zealand have a classic rivalry that goes back centuries. South Africa and Argentina simply don’t have a part to play in this narrative. By tapping into this sense of rivalry, an Australia/New Zealand-only Super Rugby competition will increase fan excitement and engagement in the competition.
South African Rugby has been fractured since two of their professional teams joined the Pro14. Not only does this move not make logistical sense, it means all of South Africa don’t have a single competition they can get behind. Therefore, the 4 South African Super Rugby teams and their 2 Pro14 teams will form the basis of a second professional rugby competition in the Southern Hemisphere.
They will be joined by 2 teams in Argentine teams - The Jaguares and Ceibos. Ceibos is the team created to participate in the Super Liga Americana de Rugby (SLAR). I believe consolidating all professional Argentine and South African teams into a second fully pro, tier 1 competition is the best way to produce a comparable level of rugby to the Australia/New Zealand Super Rugby competition, without the presence of either of those countries.
Continue to persevere with the SLAR
Despite losing Ceibos, SLAR remains a promising opportunity to improve the quality of South American rugby.
There are still four existing teams from Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay (this excludes the Colombian team which was only slated to play one game), which I would bolster by having Brazil and Uruguay both have a second club, as originally planned.
While the Pasifika team would ideally be based in one of Fiji, Samoa or Tonga, I’ve come to accept the reality that wouldn’t be financially sustainable without the backing of a benevolent billionaire™. Therefore, I’ve opted for South Auckland as a base, with one home game per season taking place in each of the aforementioned islands being my compromise. The remaining games would ideally be hosted at Mt. Smart Stadium.
This has the benefit of providing a professional pathway for Pasifika players who otherwise would not have the opportunity to play professionally unless they were scouted at High School level or later scouted by European clubs.
While I’m sure many Aussies would prefer the Western Force as a 10th team, there were good reasons for cutting the number of Aussie Super Rugby teams down to 4 that were [successfully argued](stuff.co.nz/sport/rugby/super-rugby/89581517/cut-one-aussie-super-rugby-side-says-wallabies-great-simon-poidevin) before it happened. I believe these factors remain valid, thus a 5th Australian team is not ideal at this time.
Enact a Unified Global Rugby Calendar
This will allow those wanting to represent their National Team to do so without worry of this conflicting with club commitments. This is more for the Pacific teams - as Tier 1 nations are already adequately accommodated for.
I believe a Calendar in which the first 29 weeks of the year - excluding a 3-week Mid-year international test window - would be ‘clubs’ weeks with the remaining 23 weeks plus the aforementioned 3-week window being ‘national team’ weeks would strike a good balance.
One rule attached to this window would be that competitions which require more than 26 weeks to complete may start in the November or December of the previous year, but must release players should they be chosen for international duty. This will allow The Top 14 and Premiership Rugby to operate at their current capacity without major incident.
The Competitions Of course, it’s important to see how these proposals would affect the professional competition themselves, so I have mocked those up below. Super Rugby Teams: 10 (5 from NZ, 4 from Australia, 1 Pasifika team) Regular Season: 14 games
Play every team in your conference twice.
Play every team outside of your conference once.
Play one ‘bonus game’ against the team in the opposing that finished with the same seeding as you in the previous season.
Playoffs: Top 6, winner of each conference gets a 1st round bye. Duration: Mid-February to Mid-July 14 weeks of regular-season games, 1 bye, 3 weeks of playoffs, 3-week break for mid-year internationals. Team Lists Notes:
Even though it is based in New Zealand, the Pasifika team was placed in the Australian conference for logistical reasons.
The season starts at a point where it avoids the worst of the Southern Hemisphere summers, but ends soon enough that there is enough a break between the Grand Final and the international season.
The bonus game is there to ensure teams have an even number of home and away games.
Atlantic Rugby Teams: 8 (6 from South Africa, 2 from Argentina) Regular Season: 14 games, each team plays each other twice. Playoffs: Top 4 Duration: Mid-February to Mid-July 14 weeks of regular-season games, 2 byes, 2 weeks of playoffs, 3-week break for mid-year internationals. Team Lists Conclusion Obviously, some of these proposals will cost a lot of money that Unions probably won’t have at the moment, but I still think this is a realistic enough dream to aim for. By establishing two high-quality, exciting professional competitions while supporting the growth of Tier 2 Nations, I believe this positions Rugby in the Southern Hemisphere to be in its best possible position going forwards.
Hi. I'm trying to make a weird collection of 1 pokémon of every country and island of the World. To make my collection i have to hatch a egg from the gifts you send. If you want to contribute and have presents to send me from the countries and islands below, please add my two accounts: 86Megacharizard - 2159 2948 2105 20MegaVenusaur - 7793 9430 7737 I will send you gifts too. Thanks anyway Albânia Afeganistão África do Sul Alásca Andorra Angola Anguila Antígua e Barbuda Argélia Arménia Aruba Azerbaijão Bahrein Barbados Bélgica Belize Benim Bielorrússia Bósnia e Herzegovina Botswana Brunei Bulgária Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Camarões Camboja Cazaquistão Cazaquistão Chade Chile China Comores Congo Coreia do Norte Córsega Costa do Marfim Creta Cuba Curação Djibouti Emirados Árabes Unidos Emirados Árabes Unidos Equador Eritreia Eslovénia Estados Federados da Micronésia Etiópia Fiji Gabão Gâmbia Geórgia Geórgia Gibraltar Gran Canária Granada Gronelândia Guadalupe Guatemala Guernsey Guiana Guiana Francesa Guiné Guiné Equatorial Guiné-Bissau Haiti Havaí Honduras Ibiza Iémen Ilha da Páscoa Ilha da Reunião Ilha Norfolk Ilha Samoa Ilhas Cayman Ilhas Cook Ilhas de Aland Ilhas de Faroé Ilhas Malvinas Ilhas Marianas do Norte Ilhas Marshall Ilhas Pitcairn Ilhas Salomão Ilhas V. Americanas Ilhas V. Britânicas Irão Iraque Irlanda Islândia Itália Jamaica Japão Jersey Kiribati Kosovo Kuwait Laos Lesoto Letónia Libéria Líbia Liechtenstein Luxemburgo Maiorca Malásia Malawi Maldivas Maldivas Mali Malta Marrocos Martinica Maurícia Mauritânia Menorca México Moçambique Mónaco Mongólia Monserrate Montenegro Myanmar Namíbia Nauru Níger Nigéria Niuê Noruega Nova Caledónia Oman Palau Palestina Papua-Nova Guiné Paquistão Paraguai Polinésia Francesa Qatar Quénia Quirguistão Quiribati República Centro-Africana República Checa República da Irlanda República Democrática do Congo República do Congo República Dominicana Roménia Ruanda Rússia Sahara Ocidental Samoa Samoa Americana San Marino Santa Lúcia São Bartolomeu São Critóvão e Neves São Tomé e Príncipe São Vicente e Granadinhas Sardenha Senegal Serra Leoa Sérvia Seychelles Sicilia Síria Somália Sri Lanka Suazilândia Sudão Sudão do Sul Suíça Tailândia Taiwan Tajiquistão Tanzânia Tâsmania Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Tunísia Turcas e Caicos Turquemenistão Turquia Turquia Tuvalu Uganda Uruguai Uzbequistão Vanuatu Vaticano Venezuela Vietnam Wallis & Furtuna Zâmbia Zimbabwe
2020.06.01 07:57 jeduardooliveiraAlgumas curiosidades das eliminatórias das copas do mundo - Parte I
Cara, copa do mundo para mim é como se fosse um natal de um mês. Saber os resultados, campeões, vices e sedes constitui para mim um hobby desde, sei lá, 11 ou 12 anos. Lia em uma enciclopédia Britânica do Brasil, capa preta. Contudo, a copa do mundo não se restringe apenas aos jogos no país sede, como a própria Fifa chama, as eliminatórias são uma fase preliminar da copa do mundo, portanto faz parte desta. Fiz um apanhado de curiosidades de todas as eliminatórias e vou postando por partes. Curiosidades gerais: - A maior goleada da história das eliminatórias: Austrália 31 - 0 Samoa Americana https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wg9ox9F7Vw; - Além do Brasil, Espanha e Itália nunca perderam em casa nas eliminatórias; - A Itália é a seleção que tem o melhor aproveitamento em casa em eliminatórias (entre campeões do mundo): 92% (41v e 6 e), Espanha é a segunda com 88% (44v e 9e) e o Brasil é o terceiro com 84% (39v e 12e); - Chama a atenção, também, o desempenho de Austrália e Egito, que perderam apenas uma partida em casa. Entre todas as seleções, a Austrália é a que tem o melhor aproveitamento em casa: 90%; - A maior goleada em eliminatórias da CONMEBOL é Brasil 8x0 Bolívia, em 1977, e não foi no Brasil, foi em Cáli, na Colômbia; - Desde que foi adotado o sistema de pontos corridos nas eliminatórias da Am. Do Sul, apenas Brasil (05, 09 e 17) e Argentina (97, 01 e 13) venceram as eliminatórias, na verdade, o Brasil só não venceu em 2001 (em 97 e 13 não participou); - Apesar de o Brasil ser o único país que disputou todas as copas, Alemanha e a extinta Sérvia e Montenegro(apenas com essa denominação) jamais falharam nas Eliminatórias da Copa do Mundo; - Seleções que jogaram das eliminatórias até se tornarem campeões da copa do mundo sem perder nenhum jogo: Itália (1934), Brasil (1958), Brasil (1970*), Alemanha (1990) e Alemanha (2014). *Brasil foi a única seleção a vencer todos os jogos desde as eliminatórias até ser campeão; Agora separado por copas... Para a copa 1930 não houve eliminatórias. Treze seleções foram a copa. 1934 - Primeiras eliminatórias e primeira, e única, em que o país sede (Itália) teve que participar, haviam 29 inscritos para 16 vagas; - Foram 21 seleções da Europa, 4 da América do Sul, 4 da Concacaf e 2 do Oriente Médio (Egito e Palestina). Sim! Havia um seleção Palestina, era do território dos atuais Israel e Palestina e era controlada pelo Reino Unido desde a 1º Guerra Mundial, formada por Árabe e Judeus, apenas jogadores judeus jogaram (alegadamente por critérios técnicos); - As 16 vagas da copa do mundo foram distribuídas em 12 vagas (!) para a Europa (sério! 12 vagas de 16 para a Europa). A América do Sul ficou com 2 vagas, que seriam disputadas em Brasil x Peru e Argentina x Chile, no final, tanto Peru quanto Chile desistiram da disputa e Brasil e Argentina se classificaram direto; - Na Europa as 21 seleções foram dividas em 8 grupos, a Alemanha e a França ficaram no mesmo grupo, porém não precisaram se enfrentar, graças as sapatadas de ambas em Luxemburgo, a outra seleção do grupo; - Outra curiosidade é a goleada de 9x0 da Espanha sobre Portugal; - A decisão da vaga da Concacaf, entre EUA e México, foi disputada em Roma, três dias antes da Copa do Mundo começar, o EUA venceram por 4x2 no dia 24/05/34, foram eliminados da Copa dia 27/05/34 pela Itália, por 7x1 – o menor período de tempo classificado em uma copa; - A seleção Italiana da época, pré II Guerra M. (Mussolini no poder), tinha Raimundo Orsi, que jogou a Final da copa de 30 pela Argentina, seu país de origem, também tinha Monti e Guarita, que se naturalizaram italianos (nascidos na Argentina) e Anfilogino Guarisi (Filó), jogador da Roma e da seleção italiana, à época da Copa, que era brasileiro e jogou no Corinthians. Na época, para se naturalizar Italiano, bastava ter sobrenome Italiano, também não havia a restrição de jogar por mais de uma seleção; - Devido a vários países Europeus se recusarem a vir jogar a copa de 1930, o Uruguai boicotou esta copa, apesar de ser a seleção mais forte no momento, pois era o atual campeão da copa de 30, atual bicampeão olímpico de (em 24 e 28, já que em 32 não houve futebol nas olimpíadas) e ainda ganharia a Copa América de 1935; - Havia, na época, duas federações de futebol no Brasil. No entanto, a FIFA reconhecia apenas a CBD (amadora), apesar de a maioria dos grandes clubes brasileiros estarem filiados à FPF (profissional). O Botafogo ainda vivia no amadorismo e por isso, o dirigente Carlito Rocha foi o indicado para montar a seleção. Para tentar formar uma equipe forte, a saída encontrada pelo cartola foi contratar jogadores apenas para a Copa do Mundo. Os clubes não viram a estratégia com bons olhos e mais uma vez, o Brasil foi para o Mundial sem a força máxima. Dos 17 convocados, 15 pertenciam ao Botafogo, Vasco ou São Paulo. Para se ter uma ideia, o Palmeiras (na época Palestra Itália) enviou os jogadores para uma fazenda para que não fossem convocados; - Como o Brasil, a Argentina também foi para a Itália com uma seleção fraca. Os grandes clubes do país haviam se profissionalizado e criado uma liga não reconhecida pela FIFA. Assim, os platinos foram representados por jogadores amadores, vindo de clubes como Dock Sud, Sarmiento, Defensores de Belgrano e Desamparados; - As seleções Britânicas seguiram em seu autoexílio quanto a Fifa, prefirindo as disputas de seu Campeonato Interbritânico, https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Home_Championship. Fontes: O Guia Cult Para A Copa Do Mundo, por Sean Weiland, Matt Wilsey, 2016. https://www.amazon.com.bGuia-Cult-Para-Copa-Mundo/dp/8532520626 https://www.futbox.com/blog/opiniao/top-5-curiosidades-da-copa-do-mundo-de-1934 https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliminat%C3%B3rias_da_Copa_do_Mundo_FIFA_de_1934 https://www.zerozero.pt/text.php?id=5210&theme=262&caderno=0&theme_pai=0 https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliminat%C3%B3rias_da_Copa_do_Mundo_FIFA https://www.rsssfbrasil.com/ https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futebol_nos_Jogos_Ol%C3%ADmpicos e claro Enciclopédia Britânica do Brasil – 1992. Se vocês gostarem, faço isso para as Eliminatórias das Copas de 1938 e 1950. Edit: alterei a palavra restringi para restringe, tava de doer...
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.[g] At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area[c]. Most of the country is located in central North America between Canada and Mexico. With an estimated population of over 328 million, the U.S. is the third most populous country in the world. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies led to the American Revolutionary War lasting between 1775 and 1783, leading to independence. The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century—gradually acquiring new territories, displacing Native Americans, and admitting new states—until 1848 when it spanned the continent. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the abolition of slavery in the United States. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower. It was the first country to develop nuclear weapons and is the only country to have used them in warfare. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 Apollo 11 mission, the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. The end of the Cold War and collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is a federal republic and a representative democracy. It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States (OAS), NATO, and other international organizations. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. A highly developed country, the United States is the world's largest economy by nominal GDP, the second-largest by purchasing power parity, and accounts for approximately a quarter of global GDP. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second-largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is 4% of the world total, it holds 29.4% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank very high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, median income, median wealth, human development, per capita GDP, and worker productivity. It is the foremost military power in the world, making up more than a third of global military spending, and is a leading political, cultural, and scientific force internationally. Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 2.1 Indigenous peoples and pre-Columbian history 2.2 Effects on and interaction with native populations 2.3 European settlements 2.4 Independence and expansion (1776–1865) 2.5 Civil War and Reconstruction era 2.6 Further immigration, expansion, and industrialization 2.7 World War I, Great Depression, and World War II 2.8 Cold War and civil rights era 2.9 Contemporary history 3 Geography, climate, and environment 3.1 Wildlife 4 Demographics 4.1 Population 4.1.1 Major population areas 4.2 Language 4.3 Religion 4.4 Family structure 4.5 Health 4.6 Education 4.6.1 Higher education 5 Government and politics 5.1 Political divisions 5.2 Parties and elections 5.3 Foreign relations 5.4 Government finance 5.5 Military 6 Law enforcement and crime 7 Economy 7.1 Science and technology 7.2 Income, poverty and wealth 8 Infrastructure 8.1 Transportation 8.2 Energy 8.3 Water supply and sanitation 9 Culture 9.1 Food 9.2 Literature, philosophy, and visual art 9.3 Music 9.4 Cinema 9.5 Sports 9.6 Mass media 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links Etymology See also: Naming of the Americas, Names for United States citizens, and American (word) The first known use of the name "America" dates back to 1507, when it appeared on a world map created by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller. The name on the map applied to the lands of South America, in honor of the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci (Latin: Americus Vespucius). After returning from his expeditions, Vespucci first postulated that the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern limit, as initially thought by Columbus, but instead were part of an entirely separate landmass thus far unknown to the Europeans. Then in 1538, the Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator used the name "America" on his map of the world, applying it to the entire Western Hemisphere. The first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq., to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort. The first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the 'United States of America'". The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence. This draft of the document did not surface until June 21, 1776, and it is unclear whether it was written before or after Dickinson used the term in his June 17 draft of the Articles of Confederation. The short form "United States" is also standard. Other common forms are the "U.S.", the "USA", and "America". Colloquial names are the "U.S. of A." and, internationally, the "States". "Columbia", a name popular in poetry and songs of the late 18th century, derives its origin from Christopher Columbus; it appears in the name "District of Columbia". Many landmarks and institutions in the Western Hemisphere bear his name, including the country of Colombia. The phrase "United States" was originally plural, a description of a collection of independent states—e.g., "the United States are"—including in the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1865. The singular form—e.g., "the United States is"—became popular after the end of the American Civil War. The singular form is now standard; the plural form is retained in the idiom "these United States". The difference is more significant than usage; it is a difference between a collection of states and a unit. A citizen of the United States is an "American". "United States", "American" and "U.S." refer to the country adjectivally ("American values", "U.S. forces"). In English, the word "American" rarely refers to topics or subjects not directly connected with the United States. History Main articles: History of the United States, Timeline of United States history, American business history, Economic history of the United States, and Labor history of the United States Indigenous peoples and pre-Columbian history Further information: Native Americans in the United States and Pre-Columbian era The Cliff Palace, built by ancient Native American Puebloans around 1190 AD It has been generally accepted that the first inhabitants of North America migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 12,000 years ago; however, increasing evidence suggests an even earlier arrival. After crossing the land bridge, the first Americans moved southward along the Pacific coast and through an interior ice-free corridor between the Cordilleran and Laurentide ice sheets. The Clovis culture appeared around 11,000 BC, and is considered to be an ancestor of most of the later indigenous cultures of the Americas. The Clovis culture was believed to represent the first human settlement of the Americas. Over the years, more and more evidence has advanced the idea of "pre-Clovis" cultures including tools dating back about 15,550 years ago. It is likely these represent the first of three major waves of migrations into North America. Over time, indigenous cultures in North America grew increasingly complex, and some, such as the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture in the southeast, developed advanced agriculture, grand architecture, and state-level societies. The Mississippian culture flourished in the south from 800 to 1600 AD, extending from the Mexican border down through Florida. Its city state Cahokia is considered the largest, most complex pre-Columbian archaeological site in the modern-day United States. In the Four Corners region, Ancestral Puebloans culture developed as the culmination of centuries of agricultural experimentation, which produced greater dependence on farming. A Native American Lecroy Point flint arrowhead, 9000-7000 BC Three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United States are credited to the Pueblos: Mesa Verde National Park, Chaco Culture National Historical Park, and Taos Pueblo. The earthworks constructed by Native Americans of the Poverty Point culture in northeastern Louisiana have also been designated a UNESCO World Heritage site. In the southern Great Lakes region, the Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee) was established at some point between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries. Most prominent along the Atlantic cost were the Algonquian tribes, who practiced hunting and trapping, along with limited cultivation. The date of the first settlements of the Hawaiian Islands is a topic of continuing debate. Archaeological evidence seems to indicate a settlement as early as 124 AD. Effects on and interaction with native populations Further information: American Indian Wars, Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas, and Native American disease and epidemics With the progress of European colonization in the territories of the contemporary United States, the Native Americans were often conquered and displaced. The native population of America declined after Europeans arrived, and for various reasons, primarily diseases such as smallpox and measles. While estimating the original native population of North America at the time of European contact is difficult, an attempt was made in the early part of the twentieth century by James Mooney using historic records to estimate the indigenous population north of Mexico in 1600. In more recent years, Douglas H. Ubelaker of the Smithsonian Institution has updated these figures. While Ubelaker estimated that there was a population of 92,916 in the south Atlantic states and a population of 473,616 in the Gulf states, most academics regard the figure as too low. Anthropologist Henry F. Dobyns believed the populations were much higher, suggesting 1,100,000 along the shores of the gulf of Mexico, 2,211,000 people living between Florida and Massachusetts, 5,250,000 in the Mississippi Valley and tributaries and 697,000 people in the Florida peninsula. In the early days of colonization, many European settlers were subject to food shortages, disease, and attacks from Native Americans. Native Americans were also often at war with neighboring tribes and allied with Europeans in their colonial wars. At the same time, however, many natives and settlers came to depend on each other. Settlers traded for food and animal pelts, natives for guns, ammunition and other European wares. Natives taught many settlers where, when and how to cultivate corn, beans, and squash. European missionaries and others felt it was important to "civilize" the Native Americans and urged them to adopt European agricultural techniques and lifestyles. European settlements Further information: Colonial history of the United States, European colonization of the Americas, and Thirteen Colonies Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall With the advancement of European colonization in the territories of the contemporary United States, the Native Americans were often conquered and displaced. The first Europeans to arrive in the territory of the modern United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513; however, if unincorporated territories are accounted for, then credit would go to Christopher Columbus who landed in Puerto Rico on his 1493 voyage. The Spanish set up the first settlements in Florida and New Mexico such as Saint Augustine and Santa Fe. The French established their own as well along the Mississippi River. Successful English settlement on the eastern coast of North America began with the Virginia Colony in 1607 at Jamestown and the Pilgrims' Plymouth Colony in 1620. Many settlers were dissenting Christian groups who came seeking religious freedom. The continent's first elected legislative assembly, Virginia's House of Burgesses created in 1619, the Mayflower Compact, signed by the Pilgrims before disembarking, and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, established precedents for the pattern of representative self-government and constitutionalism that would develop throughout the American colonies. Most settlers in every colony were small farmers, but other industries developed within a few decades as varied as the settlements. Cash crops included tobacco, rice, and wheat. Extraction industries grew up in furs, fishing and lumber. Manufacturers produced rum and ships, and by the late colonial period, Americans were producing one-seventh of the world's iron supply. Cities eventually dotted the coast to support local economies and serve as trade hubs. English colonists were supplemented by waves of Scotch-Irish and other groups. As coastal land grew more expensive, freed indentured servants pushed further west. European territorial claims during the mid-18th century A large-scale slave trade with English privateers was begun. The life expectancy of slaves was much higher in North America than further south, because of less disease and better food and treatment, leading to a rapid increase in the numbers of slaves. Colonial society was largely divided over the religious and moral implications of slavery, and colonies passed acts for and against the practice. But by the turn of the 18th century, African slaves were replacing indentured servants for cash crop labor, especially in southern regions. With the establishment of the Province of Georgia in 1732, the 13 colonies that would become the United States of America were administered by the British as overseas dependencies. All nonetheless had local governments with elections open to most free men, with a growing devotion to the ancient rights of Englishmen and a sense of self-government stimulating support for republicanism. With extremely high birth rates, low death rates, and steady settlement, the colonial population grew rapidly. Relatively small Native American populations were eclipsed. The Christian revivalist movement of the 1730s and 1740s known as the Great Awakening fueled interest both in religion and in religious liberty. During the Seven Years' War (in the United States, known as the French and Indian War), British forces seized Canada from the French, but the francophone population remained politically isolated from the southern colonies. Excluding the Native Americans, who were being conquered and displaced, the 13 British colonies had a population of over 2.1 million in 1770, about a third that of Britain. Despite continuing new arrivals, the rate of natural increase was such that by the 1770s only a small minority of Americans had been born overseas. The colonies' distance from Britain had allowed the development of self-government, but their success motivated monarchs to periodically seek to reassert royal authority. In 1774, the Spanish Navy ship Santiago, under Juan Pérez, entered and anchored in an inlet of Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, in present-day British Columbia. Although the Spanish did not land, natives paddled to the ship to trade furs for abalone shells from California. At the time, the Spanish were able to monopolize the trade between Asia and North America, granting limited licenses to the Portuguese. When the Russians began establishing a growing fur trading system in Alaska, the Spanish began to challenge the Russians, with Pérez's voyage being the first of many to the Pacific Northwest.[h] During his third and final voyage, Captain James Cook became the first European to begin formal contact with Hawaii. Captain Cook's last voyage included sailing along the coast of North America and Alaska searching for a Northwest Passage for approximately nine months. Independence and expansion (1776–1865) Further information: American Revolutionary War, United States Declaration of Independence, American Revolution, and Territorial evolution of the United States Declaration of Independence by John Trumbull The American Revolutionary War was the first successful colonial war of independence against a European power. Americans had developed an ideology of "republicanism" asserting that government rested on the will of the people as expressed in their local legislatures. They demanded their rights as Englishmen and "no taxation without representation". The British insisted on administering the empire through Parliament, and the conflict escalated into war. The Second Continental Congress unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence, which recognized in a long preamble that their unalienable rights were not being protected by Great Britain. The fourth day of July is celebrated annually as Independence Day: "... where, heretofore, the words 'United Colonies' have been used, the stile be altered for the future to the 'United States'". In 1777, the Articles of Confederation established a decentralized government that operated until 1789. Map of territorial acquisitions of the United States between 1783 and 1917 Following the decisive Franco-American victory at Yorktown in 1781, Britain signed the peace treaty of 1783, and American sovereignty was internationally recognized and the country was granted all lands east of the Mississippi River. Nationalists led the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in writing the United States Constitution, ratified in state conventions in 1788. The federal government was reorganized into three branches, on the principle of creating salutary checks and balances, in 1789. George Washington, who had led the Continental Army to victory, was the first president elected under the new constitution. The Bill of Rights, forbidding federal restriction of personal freedoms and guaranteeing a range of legal protections, was adopted in 1791. Although the federal government criminalized the international slave trade in 1808, after 1820, cultivation of the highly profitable cotton crop exploded in the Deep South, and along with it, the slave population. The Second Great Awakening, especially 1800–1840, converted millions to evangelical Protestantism. In the North, it energized multiple social reform movements, including abolitionism; in the South, Methodists and Baptists proselytized among slave populations. Americans' eagerness to expand westward prompted a long series of American Indian Wars. The Louisiana Purchase of French-claimed territory in 1803 almost doubled the nation's area. The War of 1812, declared against Britain over various grievances and fought to a draw, strengthened U.S. nationalism. A series of military incursions into Florida led Spain to cede it and other Gulf Coast territory in 1819. The expansion was aided by steam power, when steamboats began traveling along America's large water systems, many of which were connected by new canals, such as the Erie and the I&M; then, even faster railroads began their stretch across the nation's land. American bison grazing The Gateway Arch, in St. Louis, Missouri, was built in 1965 to commemorate the westward expansion of the United States. From 1820 to 1850, Jacksonian democracy began a set of reforms which included wider white male suffrage; it led to the rise of the Second Party System of Democrats and Whigs as the dominant parties from 1828 to 1854. The Trail of Tears in the 1830s exemplified the Indian removal policy that forcibly resettled Indians into the west on Indian reservations. The U.S. annexed the Republic of Texas in 1845 during a period of expansionist Manifest destiny. The 1846 Oregon Treaty with Britain led to U.S. control of the present-day American Northwest. Victory in the Mexican–American War resulted in the 1848 Mexican Cession of California and much of the present-day American Southwest. The California Gold Rush of 1848–49 spurred migration to the Pacific coast, which led to the California Genocide and the creation of additional western states. After the American Civil War, new transcontinental railways made relocation easier for settlers, expanded internal trade and increased conflicts with Native Americans. For half a century, the rapidly declining buffalo struck an existential blow to many Plains Indians' culture. In 1869, a new Peace Policy nominally promised to protect Native-Americans from abuses, avoid further war, and secure their eventual U.S. citizenship. Nonetheless, large-scale conflicts continued throughout the West into the 1900s. Civil War and Reconstruction era Further information: American Civil War and Reconstruction era President Abraham Lincoln in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1863 Differences of opinion regarding the slavery of Africans and African Americans ultimately led to the American Civil War. Initially, states entering the Union had alternated between slave and free states, keeping a sectional balance in the Senate, while free states outstripped slave states in population and in the House of Representatives. But with additional western territory and more free-soil states, tensions between slave and free states mounted with arguments over federalism and disposition of the territories, whether and how to expand or restrict slavery. With the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, the first president from the largely anti-slavery Republican Party, conventions in thirteen slave states ultimately declared secession and formed the Confederate States of America (the "South"), while the federal government (the "Union") maintained that secession was illegal. In order to bring about this secession, military action was initiated by the secessionists, and the Union responded in kind. The ensuing war would become the deadliest military conflict in American history, resulting in the deaths of approximately 618,000 soldiers as well as many civilians. The South fought for the freedom to own slaves, while the Union at first simply fought to maintain the country as one united whole. Nevertheless, as casualties mounted after 1863 and Lincoln delivered his Emancipation Proclamation, the main purpose of the war from the Union's viewpoint became the abolition of slavery. Indeed, when the Union ultimately won the war in April 1865, each of the states in the defeated South was required to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which prohibited slavery. Three amendments were added to the U.S. Constitution in the years after the war: the aforementioned Thirteenth as well as the Fourteenth Amendment providing citizenship to the nearly four million African Americans who had been slaves, and the Fifteenth Amendment ensuring in theory that African Americans had the right to vote. The war and its resolution led to a substantial increase in federal power aimed at reintegrating and rebuilding the South while guaranteeing the rights of the newly freed slaves. Reconstruction began in earnest following the war. While President Lincoln attempted to foster friendship and forgiveness between the Union and the former Confederacy, his assassination on April 14, 1865, drove a wedge between North and South again. Republicans in the federal government made it their goal to oversee the rebuilding of the South and to ensure the rights of African Americans. They persisted until the Compromise of 1877 when the Republicans agreed to cease protecting the rights of African Americans in the South in order for Democrats to concede the presidential election of 1876. Southern white Democrats, calling themselves "Redeemers", took control of the South after the end of Reconstruction. From 1890 to 1910, so-called Jim Crow laws disenfranchised most blacks and some poor whites throughout the region. Blacks faced racial segregation, especially in the South. They also occasionally experienced vigilante violence, including lynching. Further immigration, expansion, and industrialization Main articles: Economic history of the United States and Technological and industrial history of the United States Ellis Island, in New York Harbor, was a major entry point for European immigration into the U.S. In the North, urbanization and an unprecedented influx of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe supplied a surplus of labor for the country's industrialization and transformed its culture. National infrastructure including telegraph and transcontinental railroads spurred economic growth and greater settlement and development of the American Old West. The later invention of electric light and the telephone would also affect communication and urban life. The United States fought Indian Wars west of the Mississippi River from 1810 to at least 1890. Most of these conflicts ended with the cession of Native American territory and the confinement of the latter to Indian reservations. This further expanded acreage under mechanical cultivation, increasing surpluses for international markets. Mainland expansion also included the purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867. In 1893, pro-American elements in Hawaii overthrew the monarchy and formed the Republic of Hawaii, which the U.S. annexed in 1898. Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines were ceded by Spain in the same year, following the Spanish–American War. American Samoa was acquired by the United States in 1900 after the end of the Second Samoan Civil War. The United States purchased the U.S. Virgin Islands from Denmark in 1917. The Statue of Liberty in New York City, symbol of the United States as well as its ideals Rapid economic development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries fostered the rise of many prominent industrialists. Tycoons like Cornelius Vanderbilt, John D. Rockefeller, and Andrew Carnegie led the nation's progress in railroad, petroleum, and steel industries. Banking became a major part of the economy, with J. P. Morgan playing a notable role. Edison and Tesla undertook the widespread distribution of electricity to industry, homes, and for street lighting. Henry Ford revolutionized the automotive industry. The American economy boomed, becoming the world's largest, and the United States achieved great power status. These dramatic changes were accompanied by social unrest and the rise of populist, socialist, and anarchist movements. This period eventually ended with the advent of the Progressive Era, which saw significant reforms in many societal areas, including women's suffrage, alcohol prohibition, regulation of consumer goods, greater antitrust measures to ensure competition and attention to worker conditions. World War I, Great Depression, and World War II Further information: World War I, Great Depression, and World War II The Empire State Building was the tallest building in the world when completed in 1931, during the Great Depression. The United States remained neutral from the outbreak of World War I in 1914 until 1917, when it joined the war as an "associated power", alongside the formal Allies of World War I, helping to turn the tide against the Central Powers. In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson took a leading diplomatic role at the Paris Peace Conference and advocated strongly for the U.S. to join the League of Nations. However, the Senate refused to approve this and did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles that established the League of Nations. In 1920, the women's rights movement won passage of a constitutional amendment granting women's suffrage. The 1920s and 1930s saw the rise of radio for mass communication and the invention of early television. The prosperity of the Roaring Twenties ended with the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the onset of the Great Depression. After his election as president in 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt responded with the New Deal, which included the establishment of the Social Security system. The Great Migration of millions of African Americans out of the American South began before World War I and extended through the 1960s; whereas the Dust Bowl of the mid-1930s impoverished many farming communities and spurred a new wave of western migration. U.S. troops landing on Omaha Beach during the invasion of Normandy, June 6, 1944 At first effectively neutral during World War II while Germany conquered much of continental Europe, the United States began supplying materiel to the Allies in March 1941 through the Lend-Lease program. On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, prompting the United States to join the Allies against the Axis powers. Although Japan attacked the United States first, the U.S. nonetheless pursued a "Europe first" defense policy. The United States thus left its vast Asian colony, the Philippines, isolated and fighting a losing struggle against Japanese invasion and occupation, as military resources were devoted to the European theater. During the war, the United States was referred to as one of the "Four Policemen" of Allies power who met to plan the postwar world, along with Britain, the Soviet Union and China. Although the nation lost around 400,000 military personnel, it emerged relatively undamaged from the war with even greater economic and military influence. Nuclear explosion from the Trinity Test Trinity test of the Manhattan Project's nuclear weapon The United States played a leading role in the Bretton Woods and Yalta conferences with the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and other Allies, which signed agreements on new international financial institutions and Europe's postwar reorganization. As an Allied victory was won in Europe, a 1945 international conference held in San Francisco produced the United Nations Charter, which became active after the war. The United States and Japan then fought each other in the largest naval battle in history in terms of gross tonnage sunk, the Battle of Leyte Gulf. The United States eventually developed the first nuclear weapons and used them on Japan in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; causing the Japanese to surrender on September 2, ending World War II. Parades and celebrations followed in what is known as Victory Day, or V-J Day. Cold War and civil rights era Main articles: History of the United States (1945–1964), History of the United States (1964–1980), and History of the United States (1980–1991) Further information: Cold War, Civil Rights Movement, War on Poverty, Space Race, and Reaganomics Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his famous "I Have a Dream" speech at the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington, 1963 After World War II the United States and the Soviet Union competed for power, influence, and prestige during what became known as the Cold War, driven by an ideological divide between capitalism and communism and, according to the school of geopolitics, a divide between the maritime Atlantic and the continental Eurasian camps. They dominated the military affairs of Europe, with the U.S. and its NATO allies on one side and the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies on the other. The U.S. developed a policy of containment towards the expansion of communist influence. While the U.S. and Soviet Union engaged in proxy wars and developed powerful nuclear arsenals, the two countries avoided direct military conflict. The United States often opposed Third World movements that it viewed as Soviet-sponsored, and occasionally pursued direct action for regime change against left-wing governments, even supporting right-wing authoritarian governments at times. American troops fought communist Chinese and North Korean forces in the Korean War of 1950–53. The Soviet Union's 1957 launch of the first artificial satellite and its 1961 launch of the first manned spaceflight initiated a "Space Race" in which the United States became the first nation to land a man on the moon in 1969. A proxy war in Southeast Asia eventually evolved into full American participation, as the Vietnam War. At home, the U.S. experienced sustained economic expansion and a rapid growth of its population and middle class. Construction of an Interstate Highway System transformed the nation's infrastructure over the following decades. Millions moved from farms and inner cities to large suburban housing developments. In 1959 Hawaii became the 50th and last U.S. state added to the country. The growing Civil Rights Movement used nonviolence to confront segregation and discrimination, with Martin Luther King Jr. becoming a prominent leader and figurehead. A combination of court decisions and legislation, culminating in the Civil Rights Act of 1968, sought to end racial discrimination. Meanwhile, a counterculture movement grew which was fueled by opposition to the Vietnam war, black nationalism, and the sexual revolution. U.S. president Ronald Reagan (left) and Soviet general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev in Geneva, 1985 The launch of a "War on Poverty" expanded entitlements and welfare spending, including the creation of Medicare and Medicaid, two programs that provide health coverage to the elderly and poor, respectively, and the means-tested Food Stamp Program and Aid to Families with Dependent Children. The 1970s and early 1980s saw the onset of stagflation. After his election in 1980, President Ronald Reagan responded to economic stagnation with free-market oriented reforms. Following the collapse of détente, he abandoned "containment" and initiated the more aggressive "rollback" strategy towards the USSR. After a surge in female labor participation over the previous decade, by 1985 the majority of women aged 16 and over were employed. The late 1980s brought a "thaw" in relations with the USSR, and its collapse in 1991 finally ended the Cold War. This brought about unipolarity with the U.S. unchallenged as the world's dominant superpower. The concept of Pax Americana, which had appeared in the post-World War II period, gained wide popularity as a term for the post-Cold War new world order. Contemporary history Main articles: History of the United States (1991–2008) and History of the United States (2008–present) Further information: Gulf War, September 11 attacks, War on Terror, 2008 financial crisis, Affordable Care Act, and Death of Osama bin Laden The World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan during the September 11 terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group Al-Qaeda in 2001 One World Trade Center, newly built in its place After the Cold War, the conflict in the Middle East triggered a crisis in 1990, when Iraq under Saddam Hussein invaded and attempted to annex Kuwait, an ally of the United States. Fearing that the instability would spread to other regions, President George H. W. Bush launched Operation Desert Shield, a defensive force buildup in Saudi Arabia, and Operation Desert Storm, in a staging titled the Gulf War; waged by coalition forces from 34 nations, led by the United States against Iraq ending in the successful expulsion of Iraqi forces from Kuwait, restoring the former monarchy. Originating within U.S. military defense networks, the Internet spread to international academic platforms and then to the public in the 1990s, greatly affecting the global economy, society, and culture. Due to the dot-com boom, stable monetary policy under Alan Greenspan, and reduced social welfare spending, the 1990s saw the longest economic expansion in modern U.S. history, ending in 2001. Beginning in 1994, the U.S. entered into the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), linking 450 million people producing $17 trillion worth of goods and services. The goal of the agreement was to eliminate trade and investment barriers among the U.S., Canada, and Mexico by January 1, 2008. Trade among the three partners has soared since NAFTA went into force. On September 11, 2001, Al-Qaeda terrorists struck the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon near Washington, D.C., killing nearly 3,000 people. In response, the United States launched the War on Terror, which included war in Afghanistan and the 2003–11 Iraq War. In 2007, the Bush administration ordered a major troop surge in the Iraq War, which successfully reduced violence and led to greater stability in the region. Government policy designed to promote affordable housing, widespread failures in corporate and regulatory governance, and historically low interest rates set by the Federal Reserve led to the mid-2000s housing bubble, which culminated with the 2008 financial crisis, the largest economic contraction in the nation's history since the Great Depression. Barack Obama, the first African-American and multiracial president, was elected in 2008 amid the crisis, and subsequently passed stimulus measures and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in an attempt to mitigate its negative effects and ensure there would not be a repeat of the crisis. The stimulus facilitated infrastructure improvements and a relative decline in unemployment. Dodd-Frank improved financial stability and consumer protection, although there has been debate about its effects on the economy. President Donald Trump and former presidents Barack Obama, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter at the state funeral of George H. W. Bush, December 2018 In 2010, the Obama administration passed the Affordable Care Act, which made the most sweeping reforms to the nation's healthcare system in nearly five decades, including mandates, subsidies and insurance exchanges.
2020.04.06 08:22 samystromLista de países sem casos confirmados de coronavírus 06/04 00:00 GMT
🇰🇲 Comores 🇰🇵 Coréia do Norte 🇾🇪 Iêmen 🇰🇮 Kiribati 🇱🇸 Lesoto 🇲🇭 Ilhas Marshall 🇫🇲 Micronésia 🇻🇺 Vanuatu 🇨🇰 Ilhas Cook 🇳🇷 Nauru 🇳🇺 Niue 🇵🇼 Palau 🇼🇸 Samoa 🇦🇸 Samoa Americana 🇹🇴 Tonga 🇹🇻 Tuvalu 🇸🇹 São Tomé e Príncipe 🇸🇧 Ilhas Salomão 🇹🇯 Tadjiquistão 🇹🇲 Turcomenistão 20 países. Hoje teve caso no Sudão do Sul 🇸🇸 Além disso, teve caso em Saint Pierre e Miquelon🇵🇲 e ontem teve caso nas Ilhas Malvinas. Esses dias também teve em 🇧🇶 Bonaire Fonte
2020.04.03 05:43 samystromPaíses no mundo livre do CoronaVírus.
Lista de países sem casos confirmados de coronavírus 03/04 00:00 GMT: 🇰🇲 Comores 🇰🇵 Coréia do Norte 🇾🇪 Iêmen 🇰🇮 Kiribati 🇱🇸 Lesoto 🇲🇭 Ilhas Marshall 🇫🇲 Micronésia 🇻🇺 Vanuatu 🇨🇰 Ilhas Cook 🇳🇷 Nauru 🇳🇺 Niue 🇵🇼 Palau 🇼🇸 Samoa 🇦🇸 Samoa Americana 🇹🇴 Tonga 🇹🇻 Tuvalu 🇸🇹 São Tomé e Príncipe 🇸🇧 Ilhas Salomão 🇸🇸 Sudão do Sul 🇹🇯 Tadjiquistão 🇹🇲 Turcomenistão 21 países no total. Hoje tivemos os três primeiros casos confirmados no 🇲🇼 Malawi (https://twitter.com/nadanovonofront/status/1245908755805605888?s=19)
2019.12.16 04:29 jef_diazSLAR, an exposition for the non SouthAmerican.
The SLAR have been announced a couples of weeks ago and I have only seen a couples of posts about it, and no very in-depth ones, so this is an (probably very poor) attempt on that. (Please, in regards of the orthography and grammatic, be understanding that English is my second language and I learned it on my own.) To start, SLAR means “Super Liga Americana de Rugby” (Super American Rugby League would be the translation), the competition is starting on the final days of February 2020 going until May-June 2020. The format of the competition is similar to Super Rugby, as they are not actual Rugby Clubs or School’s teams, they are franchises that will represent some of the Rugby Unions that are part of the confederation “Sudamérica Rugby” (but is very possible that in a future, just like Super Rugby, each Union will have different franchises, in the mean time each one only have one). This are every Franchise confirmed for the 2020 season:
Ceibos Rugby: the argentine franchise with HQ in Cordoba, whose president is Fernando Riccomi, a businessman owner of a health insurance company among, other companies. The Head Coach is 45 y.o. Carlos Ignacio Fernandez Lobbe, the ex Sale Sharks, Northampton Saints and Bath Rugby. His star player is Tomas Cubilla, a young 20 years old argentine who played for the Alumni Club and has a very high ceiling over his head.
Selknam Rugby: the Chilean franchise with HQ in Santiago de Chile, capital of the country. I couldn’t find any on his owner or president, the Head Coach, that is the same of the national team, Pablo Lemoine, marking this way a direct relationship between the two teams. Their star player is the 30 years old Chilean, Ignacio Silva, a flagship player for the Condores.
Corinthians Rugby: the Brazilian franchise is a direct subdivision of the football club located in São Paulo. They don’t have much information out there to be gather on them as of now. What I could found is that his star player is 25 years old flanker, Arthur Bergo, who played for the national team since 2015.
Club Atlético Peñarol de Rugby: the Uruguayan franchise, another football club that decided to get involved the rugby business, the Head Coach is Pablo Bouza, who was the forwards trainer in the Argentine national team until October of 2018 and in the last World Cup was helping the Uruguayan national team. Their star player is Santiago Arata (yeah, that Santiago Arata), the 23 years old played a fantastic 2019 World Cup for the Teros and is one of the very exciting players that the competition will have.
Olimpia Lions Rugby: the Paraguayan franchise, the last, until now at least, of football clubs, whose president, Marco Trovato, a businessman that was also a rugby player on his young age, started playing for the classic Paraguayan club called “San Jose Rugby Club” and was also part of the national team a couple of times, there were also various rumors that put him as the one pushing very hard on the directives of the club to get the franchise. Raul “Aspirina” Perez, the argentine was Head Coach of Jaguares in 2016 and assistant on Pumas, and now is the Head Coach of the Paraguayan franchise as well as the national team, marking, just like Selknam Rugby, a direct link between the two and pushing for the evolution on quality of the rugby in Paraguay. Their star player is Manuel "Pantera" Montero, the 28 years old argentine who has 70 points in 27 caps for the Pumas.
Cafeteros Pro Rugby: the Colombian franchise, whose star player is the tight-head prop Carlos Angulo, is the last on the list for the 2020 season of the SLAR; but they will not participate in the competition in a direct way, and with that we go directly to the format of the competition.
The Format for the first season of the SLAR:
1st Phase: only five franchises will participate in this phase: Ceibos, Selknam, Corinthians, Atlético Peñarol and Olimpia Lions. These will play 8 games against each other, 4 at home and 4 away, and with the normal point system.
2nd Phase: the top 4 teams will play semifinals, 1st vs 4th and 2nd vs 3rd, and the winners will play the final to decide the champion of the SLAR. At the same time the 5th franchise will play against the Cafeteros, one local game and other away game, and it will be just to test the abilities of the franchises.
3rd Phase: as of now I don’t have official information on this, but the talk here in south América is that the champion the SLAR will play the Champion of the Major League Rugby. (Maybe we are looking at a future short cup between the different continental champions? Something like the Club World Cup in football.)
For the following season, the 2021, is expected that Cafeteros will form part of the competition from the 1st phase and some other franchises will be added (some rumors say that it will be the Uruguayan "Club Nacional de Football" and other argentine franchise). Now, onto my personal opinion of all this: With what we have seen until now, I have high hopes for this competition but at the same time I’m very cautious, it can really help the quality of the national teams of the continent, but at the same time there are rumors of the different franchises putting contract on the table, not only for Argentinians, as they are definitely a level above all of the other countries, but for players from Fiji and Samoa for example, and that can make things a little messy and take places from young players from the south American countries if we are not careful, and with that slow down the progress of the national teams. And with that I end this post, I hope you guys and girls like this, I spent a couple of hours collecting the information and links to do this instead of studying for the test that I have on Tuesday. Much Love. Pd: you can see a “bias” on the quantity of information on the Olimpia Lions part, the reason for that being that I’m Paraguayan, that’s all.
2019.12.06 02:28 AguarickYa es tiempo que a Puerto Rico y a TODOS los territorios de Estados Unidos, se les de independencia o estadidad.
Hoy, 3.0 millones de estadounidenses no tenemos derecho a votar por presidente, carecemos de una representación significativa en el Congreso y recibimos poco reconocimiento de nuestro gobierno federal. Es desmesurado que Estados Unidos mantenga a Puerto Rico como reliquia de su propio imperialismo y trate activamente a sus habitantes como ciudadanos de segunda clase. Ya es tiempo que a Puerto Rico y a todos los territorios de Estados Unidos, se les de independencia o estadidad, esto seria de acuerdo con los deseos del territorio. Hacer lo contrario es seguir traicionando los principios fundacionales de igualdad y justicia para todos. El expansionismo estadounidense comenzó casi de inmediato cuando Estados Unidos eliminó, asimiló o mató brutalmente a cualquier nativo americano en su camino hacia el oeste. Una vez que el país pudo cantar "From Sea to Shining Sea", comenzó a mirar más allá de sus propias costas. En el menguante Imperio español en el Caribe y el Pacífico, los imperialistas estadounidenses vieron una nueva oportunidad. Bajo el presidente McKinley, la tomaron y declararon la guerra a España, invadiendo a Puerto Rico, Cuba y, finalmente, Filipinas. Al final de la guerra hispanoamericana en 1899, Puerto Rico, Guam, Filipinas, Hawaii y, brevemente, Cuba eran posesiones estadounidenses. Bajo los siguientes dos presidentes, Theodore Roosevelt y William Howard Taft, el imperialismo estadounidense continuó su marcha hacia el exterior y su brutal represión de los movimientos de independencia en los territorios ya adquiridos. El sentimiento antiimperialista en los Estados Unidos fue impulsado por los afroamericanos, la oposición laboral y escritores como W.E.B. Du Bois y Mark Twain. Sin embargo, no pudieron detener su progreso. "Es un hecho lamentable, aunque cierto, que cualquier cosa que controle este gobierno, prevalece la injusticia hacia las razas oscuras", dijo Lewis H. Douglass en su ensayo de 1899 "Black Opposition to McKinley". "El pueblo de Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hawaii y Manila lo sabe muy bien, al igual que el agraviado indio y el hombre negro indignado en los Estados Unidos ". En 1900, Alemania y Estados Unidos acordaron dividir Samoa entre ellos. Hoy, la mitad alemana es Samoa independiente, mientras que la otra sigue siendo Samoa Americana. Estados Unidos compró las Islas Vírgenes de Dinamarca en 1917, y conquistó las Islas Marianas del Norte durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, reconociéndolas como territorio en 1986. Las ambiciones imperiales de los Estados Unidos de finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX repercuten de manera muy concreta con los millones que aún se encuentran bajo el estado territorial actual. Con la excepción de Samoa Americana, a los nacidos en territorios se les otorga la ciudadanía estadounidense. Sin embargo, en contradicción directa con la Decimocuarta Enmienda, no pueden votar en las elecciones presidenciales, solo se le permite a un miembro sin derecho a voto en la Cámara de Representantes y carecen por completo de representación en el Senado. Mientras tanto, estados como Alaska, Dakota del Norte, Vermont y Wyoming eligen a ocho senadores en total, a pesar de tener una población combinada de medio millón menos que la de Puerto Rico. Además de Vermont, cada uno de estos estados también reclamó el estado territorial en un punto de su historia. La devastación infligida en Puerto Rico y las Islas Vírgenes de Estados Unidos. Por los huracanes María e Irma en 2017 fue una tragedia en sí misma. Sin embargo, la respuesta del gobierno de los Estados Unidos fue criminalmente cínica y destacó la profunda apatía que siente hacia sus ciudadanos territoriales. "Creo que Puerto Rico fue un éxito increíble y no reconocido", dijo el presidente Donald Trump después de que casi 3,000 puertorriqueños murieron durante el huracán María. En comparación con el trabajo realizado en Florida y Texas, también afectados por los huracanes, la recuperación en los territorios ha sido lenta y relativamente ineficaz. Al Congreso le tomó casi dos años después de los huracanes liberar la ayuda federal a las islas. Además, la Agencia Federal para el Manejo de Emergencias ha financiado solo 190 proyectos en Puerto Rico y 218 en las Islas Vírgenes de los Estados Unidos, al tiempo que asigna fondos para 3,700 proyectos en Florida y Texas. Es difícil ver estas políticas como algo más que creer que el gobierno no tiene ninguna obligación con el bienestar de sus ciudadanos territoriales; más bien, actúa como si los territorios tuvieran el privilegio de recibir asistencia de sus benevolentes ocupantes. No importa el hecho de que la ayuda del gobierno federal ha hecho poco para reconstruir la infraestructura, garantizar el acceso a alimentos y agua, o proporcionar medidas de seguridad adicionales contra la amenaza inminente de más desastres naturales. Este tipo de relación paternalista entre los Estados Unidos y sus territorios se remonta a las primeras justificaciones de su imperialismo. "No son capaces de autogobernarse", dijo el senador Albert J. Beveridge sobre Filipinas en 1900. "¿Cómo podrían ser? No son de una raza autónoma ". Junto con varios esfuerzos estadounidenses, como el genocidio de los nativos americanos, la esclavitud, Jim Crow y una frontera sur militarizada, el imperialismo estadounidense plantó raíces en los suelos de la supremacía blanca. No es necesario mirar más allá de las condiciones actuales de las reservas de los nativos americanos, el encarcelamiento masivo de las minorías estadounidenses, la separación de familias en la frontera para comprender que nuestra historia persigue y domina la sociedad estadounidense. Al igual que con estas realidades actuales, el destino de los ciudadanos que viven dentro de los territorios de Estados Unidos. Está inextricablemente vinculado al pasado. Los racistas abiertos y los imperialistas decididos crearon el sistema de imperio estadounidense hace más de cien años, decidiendo una vez más quién debería ser excluido de las promesas de la Constitución. Cuando escuchamos a un fantasma susurrar desde el interior de la psique estadounidense hacia los pasillos del Congreso o la Oficina Oval "No son de una raza autónoma", debemos exigir que finalmente se demuestre que esa declaración vilmente racista es incorrecta y que no se deje sin cuestionar por otros 120 años.
Chevalier d'Eon (1728-1810) - Diplomático, espía, masón y soldado francés que luchó en la Guerra de los Siete Años, que hizo la transición a la edad de 49 años y vivió los 33 años restantes de su vida como mujer.
Albert Cashier (1843-1915) - Hombre trans que sirvió en la Guerra Civil de los Estados Unidos.
Harry Allen (1882-1922) - Hombre trans que fue objeto de una cobertura sensacionalista en los periódicos por su serie de delitos menores.
Lili Elbe (1882-1931) - Mujer trans que se sometió a una cirugía en 1930 con el Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld, quien dirigió una de las primeras instalaciones médicas dedicadas para pacientes trans.
Karl M. Baer (1885-1956): hombre trans que se sometió a una cirugía reconstructiva (cuyos detalles no se conocen) en 1906, y fue legalmente reconocido como hombre en Alemania en 1907.
Dr. Alan Hart (1890-1962): un radiólogo innovador que fue pionero en el uso de la fotografía de rayos X en la detección de tuberculosis, y en 1917 se convirtió en uno de los primeros hombres trans en someterse a una histerectomía y gonadectomía en los EE. UU.
Dr. Michael Dillon (1915-1962): médico británico que actualizó su certificado de nacimiento a Male a principios de la década de 1940, y en 1946 se convirtió en el primer hombre trans en someterse a una faloplastia.
Christine Jorgensen (1926-1989) - La primera mujer trans ampliamente conocida en los EE. UU. En 1952, después de su cirugía, atrajo atención médica. Y aunque hasta hace poco no ha habido lugar en la cultura moderna de los Estados Unidos y Europa para que las personas con identidades de género y vidas diferentes a su sexo al nacer existieran públicamente, sí lo ha sido en otros tiempos y culturas. A lo largo de Oriente Medio y Asia, Hijra ha sido visible en la vida pública durante cientos o incluso miles de años. Lo mismo se puede decir de Kathoey en Tailandia, Muxe en la cultura zapoteca en México, varias identidades de dos espíritus encontradas en las culturas indígenas americanas, Māhū en las culturas tradicionales hawaianas / tahitianas / maohi, los Fa'afafine de Samoa, Tongan Fakaleiti , los vírgenes jurados de los Balcanes, el Galli de la antigua Roma, etc.
2018.10.27 21:55 im_backA list of modern and Shakespearean words
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Picture Arts and Sciences Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Acadia Acadia National Park Acadian Acalypha Acanthaceae Acanthisitta Acanthocephala Acanthocereus Acanthocybium Acanthophis Acanthopterygii Acanthoscelides Acanthuridae Acanthurus Acapulco Acapulco gold Acaridae Acarina Accessible Accipiter Accipitridae Accipitriformes Accra Accusativo Acer Aceraceae Achaean Acheron Acheronian Acherontia Acheson Acheson process Acheta Achilles Achilles tendon Achilles' heel Achitophel Achoerodus Achomawi Achras Acinonyx Acinos Acipenser Acipenseridae Acnidosporidia Acocanthera Aconcagua Aconitum Acoraceae Acordo Acorus Acrasiomycetes Acrididae Acridotheres Acris Acrobates Acrocarpus Acrocephalus Acroclinium Acrocomia Acropora Acrostichum Actaea Actaeon Actias Actifed Actiniaria Actinidia Actinidiaceae Actiniopteris Actinomeris Actinomycetaceae Actinomycetales Actinomyxidia Actinopoda Action Actitis Actium Acts of the Apostles Adad Adalia Adallas Adam Adam's Peak Adam's needle Adams Adana Adansonia Adapa Adapid Adaptation Adar Addis Ababa Addison's disease Additions to Esther Adelaide Adelges Adelgidae Adelie Adelie Land Aden Adenanthera Adenauer Adenium Adenota Adi Granth Adiantaceae Adiantum Adige Adirondacks Aditi Aditya Adlumia Admiralty Island Admiralty Islands Admiralty Range Admission Day Adon Adonic Adonis Adons Adoptedly Adopts Adramadio Adrian Adriana Adriano Adriatic Adsum Advanced Advanced Research and Development Activity Advancing Advantaging Advent Sunday Adventism Adventist Advertising Adzhar Aeacida Aedes Aegates Isles Aegean Aegean civilization Aegean island Aegeon Aegiceras Aegilops Aegina Aegion Aegisthus Aegles Aegospotami Aegypiidae Aegypius Aegyptopithecus Aemelia Aemilia Aemilius Aeneas Aeneid Aeolian Aeolic Aeolis Aeolus Aeonium Aepyceros Aepyornidae Aepyorniformes Aerial Aerial Servant Aerobacter Aerobacter aerogenes Aertex Aeschylean Aeschylus Aesculapius Aesculus Aesir Aesop Aesop's fables Aether Aethionema Aethusa Aetna Aetobatus Affirmed Afghan hound Afghan monetary unit Afghani Afghanistan Aframomum Afric Africa African African bowstring hemp African chameleon African clawed frog African coral snake African country African crocodile African daisy African elephant African grey African hemp African holly African hunting dog African lily African mahogany African marigold African monitor African oil palm African scented mahogany African violet African walnut African wild ass African-American Africander Africanized bee Afrikaans Afrikaner Afro Afro-Asian Afro-wig Afroasiatic Afrocarpus Aga Agalinis Agamemmon Agamemnon Agamidae Agapornis Agaricaceae Agaricales Agaricus Agassiz Agastache Agathis Agavaceae Agave tequilana Agdestis Agdistis Agee Agelaius Agenize Agenor Agent Orange Ageratina Aghan Agincourt Agkistrodon Aglaia Aglaomorpha Aglaonema Agnatha Agni Agnus Dei Agonidae Agonus Agra Agricola Agrigento Agriocharis Agrippa Agrippina Agrobacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens Agropyron Agrostemma Agrostis Aguecheek Agueface Ahab Ahriman Ahuehuete Ahura Aiken Ailey Ailuropoda Ailuropodidae Ailurus Aio Air Air Air Combat Command Air Corps Air Force Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance Air Force Research Laboratory Air Force Space Command Air Medal Air National Guard Aire Airedale Aix Aizoaceae Ajaia Ajax Ajuga Akan Akeridae Akhbari Akhenaton Akkadian Akron Aksa Martyrs Brigades Akwa'ala Al Aqabah Al Ladhiqiyah Al Nathir Al-hakim Alabama Alabaman Aladdin Aladdin's lamp Alamo Aland islands Alar Alarbus Alaric Alaska Alaska Native Alaska Peninsula Alaska Range Alaska Standard Time Alaska fur seal Alaska king crab Alaska rein orchid Alaskan Alaskan brown bear Alaskan pipeline Alauda Alaudidae Alban Albania Albanian Albanian monetary unit Albans Albany Albatrellus Albatrellus dispansus Albatrellus ovinus Albee Albers Albert Alberta Alberti Albigenses Albigensian Albigensianism Albino Ape Albion Albright's disease Albuginaceae Albugo Albula Albulidae Albuquerque Alca Alcaeus Alcaic Alcea Alcedinidae Alcedo Alcelaphus Alces Alcibiades Alcidae Alcides Alcoholics Anonymous Alcott Alcyonacea Alcyonaria Alcyone Aldebaran Aldermen Aldrovanda Ale Alectis Alecto Alectoria Alectoris Alectura Alencon Alengon Alepisaurus Aleppo Aletris Aleuria aurantia Aleurites Aleut Aleutian Islands Alex Boncayao Brigade Alexander Alexander Archipelago Alexander I Alexander II Alexander III Alexander VI Alexanders Alexandria Alexandria senna Alexandrian Alexandrian laurel Alexandrine Alexas Aleyrodes Aleyrodidae Alfred Alger Algeria Algerian Algerian centime Algerian dinar Algerian monetary unit Algeripithecus Algeripithecus minutus Algiers Algol Algonkian Algonquian Algren Alhambra Alhazen Ali Ali Baba Alice Aliena Alignment Alisander Alisma Alismataceae Alismatidae Alka-seltzer All Saints' Day All Souls' Day Alla Allah Allayments Alleghenies Allegheny Allegheny chinkapin Allegheny plum Allegheny spurge Allen Allen screw Allen wrench Allentown Allhallowmas Allhallowtide Alliaceae Alliaria Allied Command Atlantic Allied Command Europe Alligatoridae Allionia Allium Allure Almain Almaty Almoravid Alnico Alnus Aloeaceae Alonso Alopecurus Alopex Alopiidae Alopius Alosa Alost Alouatta Alpena Alpha Centauri Alpha Crucis Alphonso Alpine anemone Alpine besseya Alpine celery pine Alpine enchanter's nightshade Alpine fir Alpine glacier Alpine lady fern Alpine mouse-ear Alpine woodsia Alpinia Alpinism Alps Alsace Alsatian Alsobia Alsophila Alsophila pometaria Alstonia Alstroemeriaceae Altai Mountains Altaic Altair Alternanthera Althaea Alton Altoona Alytes Alzheimer's disease Amaethon Amaimon Amanita Amaranthaceae Amaranthus Amarillo Amaryllidaceae Amaterasu Amati Amauropelta Amazon Amazon ant Amazona Amazonian Amazons Amber Golem Amberboa Ambloplites Amblyrhynchus Ambrose Ambrosiaceae Ambrosian Ambystoma Ambystomatidae Ameiuridae Ameiurus Amelanchier Amen Amen-Ra Amentiferae America American American Baptist Convention American Civil War American Dream American English American Falls American Federation of Labor American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations American Indian Day American Labor Party American Legion American Party American Revolution American Revolutionary leader American Samoa American Staffordshire terrier American Standard Code for Information Interchange American Standard Version American Stock Exchange American agave American alligator American angelica tree American arborvitae American barberry American basswood American beech American bison American bittern American black bear American bog asphodel American bugbane American chameleon American chestnut American cockroach American coot American copper American crab apple American cranberry American crayfish American crow American dewberry American dog violet American egret American elder American elm American feverfew American flag American fly honeysuckle American flying squirrel American football American foxhound American frogbit American gallinule American germander American ginseng American green toad American hackberry American harvest mouse American hazel American holly American hop American hornbeam American lady crab American larch American lobster American magpie American maidenhair fern American mastodon American merganser American mistletoe American mountain ash American oil palm American organ American parasol American pasqueflower American persimmon American plaice American plan American quaking aspen American raspberry American rattlebox American red elder American red plum American red squirrel American redstart American rock brake American saddle horse American shrew mole American smelt American smokewood American smooth dogfish American spikenard American star grass American state American sycamore American toad American turkey oak American twinflower American water ouzel American water shrew American water spaniel American watercress American white birch American white oak American white pine American widgeon American wistaria American woodcock American wormseed Americana Americanism Americanization Americanize Amerind Amerindian Amhara Amharic Amia Amianthum Amidst Amiens Amiidae Amish Amish sect Amman Ammodytes Ammodytidae Ammotragus Amnesia Amniota Amoebida Amontillado Amos Amphibolips Amphicarpaea Amphimacus Amphineura Amphioxidae Amphipoda Amphiprion Amphisbaenidae Amphiumidae Ampthill Amsinckia Amsonia Amsterdam Amulet Amundsen Amur Amur privet Amurath Amygdalaceae Amygdalus Amyntas Anabantidae Anabaptism Anabaptist Anabaptist denomination Anabas Anabrus Anacanthini Anacardiaceae Anacardium Anacyclus Anadenanthera Anadenanthera colubrina Anagallis Anagasta Anagyris Anaheim Ananas Ananias Anaphalis Anapsida Anarhichadidae Anarhichas Anas Anasa Anasazi Anaspida Anastatica Anastomus Anatidae Anatolian Anatomie Anaxagoras Anaximander Anaximenes Anchises Anchovies Ancient Greek Ancohuma Ancus Ancylidae Ancylostomatidae Ancylus Andalusia Andalusian Andaman Sea Andean Andean condor Andersen Anderson Andes Andhra Pradesh Andira Andorra Andorran Andpholus Andreaea Andreaeales Andren Andrenidae Andrew Andrews Andricus Andromache Andromeda galaxy Andronici Andronicus Andropogon Androsphinx Andvari Aneides Anemonella Anemopsis Anethum Angara Angas Angelica Angelo Angelus Angering Angevin Angiers Angiospermae Anglais Anglesey Angleterre Anglia Angliae Anglian Anglican Anglican Catholic Anglican Church Anglicanism Anglicism Anglicization Anglish Anglo-American Anglo-Catholicism Anglo-French Anglo-Indian Anglo-Jewish Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon deity Anglo-catholic Anglomania Anglophilia Anglophilic Anglophobia Anglophobic Angola Angolan Angolan monetary unit Angolese Angora Angostura Bridge Angst Anguidae Anguilla Anguillan Anguillidae Anguilliformes Anguillula Anguis Angus Angus Og Anhima Anhimidae Anhingidae Anigozanthus Animal Animalia Animals Animate Animate Statue Animated Anisoptera Anisotremus Anjou Ankara Ankheg Ann Arbor Anna Annaba Annapolis Annapurna Anne Annelida Anniellidae Annihilation Annona Annonaceae Annunciation Annwfn Anobiidae Anodonta Anoectochilus Anogramma Anolis Anomala Anomalopidae Anomia Anomiidae Anopheles Anoplura Anostraca Anouilh Ansar al Islam Anselm Anselmo Anser Anseres Anseriformes Anserinae Anshar Antalya Antananarivo Antarctic Antarctic Circle Antarctic Ocean Antarctic Peninsula Antarctica Antares Antedon Antedonidae Antennaria Antennariidae Antenor Antenorides Anteroom Anthemis Antheraea Anthericum Antheropeas Anthidium Anthoceropsida Anthoceros Anthocerotaceae Anthocerotales Anthonomus Anthony Anthozoa Anthriscus Anthropophagi Anthropophaginian Anthus Anthyllis Anti-Masonic Party Antiates Antichrist Anticipating Antido Antidorcas Antigone Antigonia Antigonus Antigua Antigua and Barbuda Antiguan Antilles Antilocapra Antilocapridae Antilope Antioch Antiochus Antiopa Antipathy Antipholus Antipholuses Antipodes Antirrhinum Antium Antlia Antofagasta Antoniad Antonine Wall Antoninus Antonio Antonius Antonius Pius Antony Antrozous Antum Antwerpen Anu Anubis Anunnaki Any Anzac Anzio Aotus Apalachicola Apalachicola rosemary Apartment Apatura Ape Apeldoorn Apemantus Apennines Apgar score Aphasmidia Aphididae Aphidoidea Aphis Aphriza Aphrodite Aphrophora Aphyllanthaceae Aphyllanthes Aphyllophorales Apia Apidae Apios Apis Apium Aplectrum Aplodontia Aplodontiidae Aplysia Aplysiidae Apocrypha Apocynaceae Apocynum Apodemus Apodidae Apodiformes Apogon Apogonidae Apoidea Apollinaire Apollinem Apollo Apollo asteroid Apollo program Apollodorus Aporocactus Appalachia Appalachian Appalachians Appaloosa Apparatus Appearance Appian Way Appleton Appleton layer Appollos Apricocke April April Fools' April fool Apsu Aptenodytes Apterygidae Apterygiformes Apus Aquarius Aquifoliaceae Aquila Aquilon Aquinas Aquitaine Ara Arab Arab League Arab-Israeli War Arabia Arabian Arabian Desert Arabian Nights' Entertainment Arabian Peninsula Arabian Sea Arabian camel Arabian coffee Arabian jasmine Arabic Arabic alphabet Arabic numeral Arabidopsis Arabidopsis lyrata Arabidopsis thaliana Arabis Arabist Araceae Arachis Arachnida Arafat Arafura Sea Aragon Araguaia Arales Araliaceae Aram Aramaic Aramean Aramus Aran Islands Aranea Araneae Aranyaka Arapaho Ararat Aras Arauca Araucariaceae Araujia Arawak Arawakan Arawn Arbitratour Arbor Day Arc Arca Arcadia Arcadian Arcadic Arcane Arcas Arcellidae Arceuthobium Archaeornithes Archean Archelaus Arches National Park Archiannelida Archibald Archidiskidon Archilochus Archilochus colubris Archimedes Archimedes' principle Archmagi Archosargus Archosauria Arcidae Arcite Arcites Arctic Archipelago Arctic Circle Arctic Ocean Arctic char Arctic ground squirrel Arctictis Arctiidae Arctium Arctocebus Arctocephalus Arctostaphylos Arctotis Arcturus Arde Ardea Ardeidae Arden Ardennes Ardisia Arecidae Arenaria Arenaviridae Arendt Arenga Areopagite Areopagus Arequipa Ares Argasidae Argentina Argentine Argentine hemorrhagic fever Argentine monetary unit Argentinian Argentinidae Argier Argiope Argiopidae Argive Argo Argonauta Argonautidae Argos Argu Argun Argus Argusianus Argynnis Argyranthemum Argyreia Argyrotaenia Argyroxiphium Arhat Arhus Ariachne Ariadne Ariana Arianism Arianrhod Ariel Aries Ariidae Arikara Arilus Arinado Ariocarpus Ariomma Arion Arisaema Arisarum Aristarchus Aristarchus of Samos Aristolochia Aristolochiaceae Aristolochiales Aristophanes Aristotelia Aristotelian Aristotelian logic Aristotelianism Aristotle Arius Arizona Arizona ash Arizona cypress Arizona sycamore Arizona white oak Arizonan Arjuna Arkansan Arkansas Arkansas kingbird Arlington Armadillidiidae Armadillidium Armageddon Armagnac Armata Corsa Armed Forces Day Armed Islamic Group Armenia Armenian Armenian Church Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia Armenian monetary unit Armeria Armigero Armillaria Armillaria caligata Armillaria ponderosa Armillaria zelleri Armillariella Arminian Arminian Baptist Arminian Church Arminianism Arminius Armor Armoracia Armors Arms Armstrong Army High Performance Computing Research Center Army for the Liberation of Rwanda Arnhem Arnica montana Arno Arnold Arnold of Brescia Arnold-Chiari deformity Arnoseris Aroused Arp Arragon Arraigning Arrhenatherum Arrhenius Arrow Arrows Artamidae Artamus Artaxerxes I Artaxerxes II Artemia Artemidorus Artemis Artemision at Ephesus Artesius Arthropoda Arthropteris Arthur Arthurian Arthurian legend Articles of Confederation Artiodactyla Artocarpus Artois Aruba Arulo Arundinaria Arundo Aruru Arvicola Arviragus Aryan Asahikawa Asama Asanga Asarh Asarum Asbat al-Ansar Ascanius Ascaphidae Ascaphus Ascaridae Ascaridia Ascaris Asch Ascidiaceae Asclepiadaceae Asclepias Ascomycetes Ascomycota Ascophyllum Ascribes Asgard Ash Can Ash Wednesday Ashcan School Ashe Asher Asheville Ashford Ashkenazi Ashkhabad Ashton Ashur Ashurbanipal Asia Asia Minor Asian Asian American Asian Russia Asian black grouse Asian coral snake Asian country Asian crocodile Asian horseshoe crab Asian influenza Asian longhorned beetle Asian tiger mosquito Asian wild ox Asiatic black bear Asiatic flying squirrel Asiatic shrew mole Asiatic sweetleaf Asilidae Asimina Asimov Asin Asio Ask Jeeves Asmara Asmath Aspalathus Asparagaceae Aspergillaceae Aspergillus Aspergillus fumigatus Asperula Asphodelaceae Asphodeline Asphodelus Aspidelaps Aspidiotus Aspidophoroides Aspleniaceae Asplenium Asprayes Assam Assamese Assassin Assemblies of God Associate in Applied Science Associate in Arts Associate in Nursing Associated Association for the Advancement of Retired Persons Association of Southeast Asian Nations Assum Assuming Assur Assyria Assyrian Assyriology Astacidae Astacus Astaire Astana Astarte Asteridae Asteroidea Astor Astraea Astragalus Astral Astrea Astreus Astreus hygrometricus Astreus pteridis Astroloma Astronium Astronomical Unit Astrophyton Astrophyton muricatum Astropogon Asuncion Asura Asvins Aswan Aswan High Dam Atacama Desert Atacama Trench Atakapa Atalanta Ataturk Ate Ateles Aten Ates Athanasian Creed Athanasianism Athanasius Athapaskan Atharva-Veda Athelstan Athena Athene Athenian Athenians Athens Atherinidae Atherinopsis Atherurus Athiorhodaceae Athol Athos Athrotaxis Athyrium Atlanta Atlantic Atlantic City Atlantic Coast Atlantic Time Atlantic bottlenose dolphin Atlantic cod Atlantic croaker Atlantic halibut Atlantic herring Atlantic manta Atlantic puffin Atlantic ridley Atlantic sailfish Atlantic salmon Atlantic sea bream Atlantic spiny dogfish Atlantic tripletail Atlantic walrus Atlantis Atlas Atlas Mountains Atlas cedar Atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission Atonement Atreus Atrichornis Atrichornithidae Atriplex Atropa Atropidae Atropos Atsugewi Attack Attalea Attested Attic Attica Atticus Attila Attlee Attraction Aubrey Auchincloss Auckland Aucuba Auden Audenesque Auditory Audre Audrey Audubon Audubon's caracara Audubon's warbler Aufidius Aufidiuses Augean Augean stables Augeas Augsburg Confession Augur Augures Augury August Augusta Augustan Augustine Augustinian Augustinian Canons Augustinian Hermits Augustinian order Augustus Aulacorhyncus Aulis Aulostomidae Aulostomus Aum Shinrikyo Aumerle Aura Aureolaria Auricularia Auriculariaceae Auriculariales Auriga Auriparus Aurora Auschwitz Austen Austerlitz Austin Austin Friar Austin Friars Australasia Australasian Australia Australian Australian Alps Australian Desert Australian blacksnake Australian cockroach Australian coral snake Australian dollar Australian grass tree Australian hare's foot Australian heath Australian magpie Australian nettle Australian pea Australian pine Australian pitcher plant Australian reed grass Australian sea lion Australian state Australian sumac Australian terrier Australian turtledove Australopithecus afarensis Australopithecus africanus Australopithecus boisei Australopithecus robustus Austria Austria-Hungary Austrian Austrian monetary unit Austro-Asiatic Austrocedrus Austronesia Austronesian Austrotaxus Authorized Version Authorizing Authours Autolycus Automeris Auvergne Avahi Avalokitesvara Ave Maria Avena Avenger Averrhoa Averroes Aves Avesta Avestan Avicenna Avicennia Avicenniaceae Avignon Avogadro Avogadro's law Avogadro's number Avon Axe Axe Beak Ayr Ayrshire Aythya Ayurveda Az Zarqa Azadirachta Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Azerbaijani monetary unit Azeri Azolla Azollaceae Azores Aztec Aztecan B B battery B cell B-52 B-complex vitamin B-flat clarinet B-girl B-horizon BANDIT BANDITTI BASSET BB BB gun BC BCE BLACKAMOORS BLOUNT BOURCHIER BURGH BVD Ba Baader Meinhof Gang Baal Babar Babau Demon Babbitt metal Babesiidae Babinski Baboon Babylon Babylonia Babylonian Babylonian Captivity Babyrousa Bacchanals Baccharis Bacchus Bach Bachelor of Arts Bachelor of Arts in Library Science Bachelor of Arts in Nursing Bachelor of Divinity Bachelor of Laws Bachelor of Literature Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Music Bachelor of Naval Science Bachelor of Science Bachelor of Science in Architecture Bachelor of Science in Engineering Bachelor of Theology Bachelour Bacillaceae Bacillariophyceae Bacillus anthracis Bacillus subtilis Backare Backeward Backpack Bacteroidaceae Bacteroides Bactrian camel Bad Lands Badaga Bade Badger Badlands National Park Badly Baffin Bay Baffin Island Bag Baghdad Bagot Bahai Bahaism Bahamas Bahamian Bahamian dollar Bahia Blanca Bahia grass Bahrain Bahrain dinar Bahraini Bahrainian monetary unit Bai Bailey bridge Baiomys Bairava Bairdiella Baisakh Bajazet Bakelite Bakersfield Bakke decision Baku Bakunin Balaena Balaeniceps Balaenicipitidae Balaenidae Balaenoptera Balaenopteridae Balanchine Balanidae Balanus Balarama Balaton Balder Baldwin Balearic Islands Balenciaga Balfour Bali Balinese Balistes Balistidae Balkan Balkan Peninsula Balkan Wars Balkan country Balkanize Balkans Ball Ballota Balls Balmoral Castle Balochi Balor Balsaminaceae Balsamorhiza Balthasar Balthazar Baltic Baltic State Baltic-Finnic Baltimore Baltimore oriole Balto-Slavic Balzac Balzacian Bam Bamako Bambusa Bambuseae Banbury Banded mail Bandung Banff Bangalore Bangiaceae Bangkok Bangladesh Bangladeshi Bangladeshi monetary unit Bangor Bangui Banister Banjul Bank of England Bank of Japan Banket Bankhead Bankia Bankrupts Banks Bannockburn Banquo Banti's disease Banting Bantoid Bantu Bantu-speaking Baphia Baptisia Baptist Baptist Church Baptist denomination Baptista Baptistic doctrine Baraka Barany Barbadian Barbados Barbados dollar Barbados gooseberry Barbarea Barbarossa Barbary Barbary Coast Barbary ape Barbason Barbed Devil Barberton daisy Barbery Barbuda Barcelona Bardeen Bardolph Barents Sea Bargulus Bari Barkley Barkloughly Barkskin Barly Barnaby's thistle Barnardine Barnardo Barnet Barnum Barrabas Barranquilla Barrel Barrie Barrow's goldeneye Barrymore Barson Barstow Barth Barthelme Barthol Bartholdi Bartholin Bartholin's gland Bartholomew Bartle Frere Bartlesville Bartok Bartram Juneberry Bartramia Baruch Baryshnikov Basan Basel Basic English Basidiomycetes Basidiomycota Basilicata Basilisco Basiliscus Basilisk Basimecu Basingstoke Basins Basket Maker Basotho Basque Basque Homeland and Freedom Basra Bassanio Bassariscidae Bassariscus Basse-Normandie Basseterre Bassia Bassianus Basta Bastard Sword Bastille Day Bat Bata Bataan Batchelour Bathsheba Bathyergidae Bathyergus Batidaceae Batis Batna Baton Rouge Baton Rouge Bridge Batrachoididae Batrachoseps Battaile Battle Axe Battle of Britain Battle of Kerbala Battle of Puebla Battle of Wake Battle of the Ardennes Bulge Battle of the Marne Battle of the Spanish Armada Baudelaire Bauhaus Bauhinia Bauldricke Baum Bavaria Bavarian Bavarian blue Bavarian cream Bavian Bay Stater Bay of Bengal Bay of Biscay Bay of Fundy Bay of Naples Bayard Bayes Bayes' postulate Bayes' theorem Bayesian Baying Baynard Bayonne Bayonne Bridge Bayrut Beacon Hill Beakes Bear Beatitude Beatles Beatrice Beau Beaufort Beaufort Sea Beaufort scale Beaujolais Beaumond Beaumont Beaumontia Beautie Beauvoir Beaverbrook Bechtel crab Becker muscular dystrophy Beckett Beckley Beckman thermometer Beckoning Becquerel Bede Bedford Bedford cord Bedlam Bedlington terrier Bedouin Bedroll Bee Beech Beecher Beer Beerbohm Beere Beethoven Beethovenian Beetle Befitting Beggared Begin Begoniaceae Begrim Behrens Beijing Beings Beira Bel Bel and the Dragon Belamcanda Belarius Belarus Belarusian Belarusian monetary unit Beleev Belem Belemnitidae Belemnoidea Belfast Belgia Belgian Belgian endive Belgian franc Belgian hare Belgian sheepdog Belgian waffle Belgium Belgrade Belisarius Belize Belize dollar Belladona Bellario Belle Isle cress Bellerophon Bellingham Bellini Bellis Belloc Bellona Belmont Belmont Park Belmont Stakes Belo Horizonte Belona Belonidae Belostomatidae Belsen Belshazzar Belt Belzebub Bemidji Bemisia Ben Gurion Ben Sira Benchley Benday process Benedicite Benedick Benedict Benedict XIV Benedict XV Benedictine Benedictine order Benelux Benet Benford's law Bengal Bengal light Bengal tiger Bengali Benghazi Benin Benin franc Beninese Benjamin Benjamin Franklin Bridge Bennet Bennett Bennettitaceae Bennettitales Bennettitis Bennington Benny Bentham Bentii Bentivolii Benton Benvolio Benzedrine Beowulf Berber Berberidaceae Berberis Bercy Berg Bergamo Bergen Bergman Bergomask Bergson Beria Bering Bering Sea Bering Strait Bering Time Berith Berkeley Berkshire Berkshires Berlage Berlin airlift Berlin doughnut Berliner Berlioz Bermoothes Bermuda Bermuda Triangle Bermuda buttercup Bermuda cedar Bermuda chub Bermuda dollar Bermuda grass Bermuda maidenhair Bermuda onion Bermuda plan Bermuda rig Bermuda shorts Bermudan Bern Bernard Bernese mountain dog Bernhardt Bernini Bernoulli Bernoulli's law Bernstein Berowne Berra Berri Berserker Berserking Berteroa Bertholletia Bertillon Bertillon system Bertolucci Bertram Berwick Berycomorphi Berzelius Beseeching Bess Bessel Bessemer Bessemer converter Bessemer process Bessera Besseya Bessy Beta Centauri Beta Crucis Betelgeuse Bethe Bethlehem Bethune Bettongia Betula Betulaceae Beutie Beveridge Beverly Hills Bevin Bevis Bewick's swan Bewitching Bewtie Bezonian Bhadon Bhaga Bhagavad-Gita Bhumi Devi Bhutan Bhutanese Bhutanese monetary unit Bi Bianca Bianco Bibb lettuce Bible Belt Biblical Aramaic Bibos Biddy Bidens Biedermeier Bierce Big Ben Big Bend Big Bend National Park Big Blue Big Dipper Big Sioux River Big Sur Bigfoot Bight of Benin Bignonia Bignoniaceae Bigot Bihar Bihari Bill of Rights Billings Biloxi Binet Binet-Simon Scale Binghamton Bioko Biondello Bird Birmingham Birnam Biscayne Bay Biscayne National Park Biscutella Bishkek Bismarck Bismarck Archipelago Bismarck Sea Bismarckian Bissau Bithynia Bitis Bittacidae Biu-Mandara Bivalvia Bizet Blaberus Black African Black Death Black English Black Forest Black Hand Black Hawk Black Hills Black Hole of Calcutta Black Muslim Black Panther Black Panthers Black Pudding Black Rock Desert Black Sea Black September Movement Black Widow Black and Tan Black man Black race Black woman Blackburn Blackfoot Blackfriars Blackfriers Blackheath Blackmere Blackpool Blacksburg Blackshirt Blackwall hitch Blade Blaia Zimondal Blair Blake Blanc Blandfordia Blank Blanket Blantyre Blarina Blarney Stone Blast Blasting Blastocladia Blastocladiales Blastodiaceae Blastomyces Blatta Blattella Blattidae Blattodea Blechnaceae Blechnum Blending Blenheim Blenheim spaniel Blenniidae Blennioidea Blennius Blephilia Bleriot Bless Bletilla Bletilla striata Blida Bligh Blighia Blighty Blind Blindness Blink Blink Dog Blissus Blithild Blitzstein Bloch Block and tackle Blocke Bloemfontein Blois Blok Bloody Mary Bloomeria Bloomfield Bloomington Bloomsbury Bloomsbury Group Blue Dragon Blue Mountain tea Blue Nile Blue Ridge Mountains Bluebeard Blur Boann Boar Boarding Boat Boblibindo Boccaccio Bocchus Bodhisattva Bodi Bodie Bodily Bodo-Garo Bodoni Bodykins Boehme Boehmenism Boehmeria Boeotia Boeotian Boer War Boethius Bofors gun Bogart Bogartian Bogota Bohemia Bohemian Bohemian waxwing Bohr Bohr theory Bohun Boidae Boise Bokmal Bolbitis Boletaceae Boletellus Boletellus russellii Boletus Boletus chrysenteron Boletus edulis Boletus luridus Boletus mirabilis Boletus pallidus Boletus pulcherrimus Boletus pulverulentus Boletus roxanae Boletus subvelutipes Boletus variipes Boletus zelleri Boleyn Bolingbroke Bolivian Bolivian monetary unit Bollywood Bolshevik Bolshevism Bolt Boltonia Bolts Boltzmann Boltzmann's constant Bolzano Bomarea Bombacaceae Bombax Bombina Bombus Bombycidae Bombycilla Bombycillidae Bombyliidae Bombyx Bonaire Bonasa Bone Golem Bonete Bonfire Night Bonfyres Bonhoeffer Boniface Boniface VIII Bonn Bonney Bonos Bontemps Bonville Bony Book Book of Common Prayer Book of Mormon Booke Boole Boolean Boolean logic Boone Bootes Boots Boott's goldenrod Borachio Boraginaceae Borago Borassus Bordeaux Bordeaux mixture Border collie Border terrier Boreas Borges Borgia Boring Beetle Born Bornean Borneo Borodin Borodino Borrelia burgdorferi Borstal Bos Bosch Bose Bose-Einstein statistics Boselaphus Bosko Boskop man Bosnia Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian Bosporus Bosporus Bridge Boston Boston Harbor Boston Tea Party Boston baked beans Boston bull Boston cream pie Boston fern Boston ivy Boston lettuce Boston rocker Bostonian Boswell Boswellia Boswellia carteri Bosworth Bosworth Field Botaurus Bothidae Bothrops Botrychium Botswana Botswana monetary unit Botswanan Botticelli Bottle Bouciqualt Boudge Bougainville Bougainville Trench Boulez Boult Bourbon Bourdeaux Bourgogne Bourse Bouteloua Bouvet Island Bouvier des Flandres Bouvines Bouyei Bovidae Bovinae Bovini Bow Bowditch Bowdler Bowdlerism Bowery Bowie Bowie knife Bowiea Bowl Bowman's capsule Box Boxing Day Boy Scouts Boy Scouts of America Boyet Boykinia Boyle Boyle's law Boyne Bozeman Brabancon griffon Brabant Brabantio Bracers Brachinus Brachiopoda Brachychiton Brachycome Brachystegia Brachyura Bracy Bradbury Bradford Bradley Bradley method of childbirth Bradley's spleenwort Bradstreet Brady Braga Bragg Bragi Brahe Brahma Brahmana Brahmanism Brahmaputra Brahmi Brahms Brahui Brainford Brakenbury Brama Bramante Bramidae Bramley's Seedling Branchiobdella Branchiobdellidae Branchiopoda Branchiostegidae Branchiura Brancusi Brand Brandenburg Brandon Brandt Branta Braque Brasenia Brasilia Brass Dragon Brassia Brassica Bratislava Brattleboro Braun Braun's holly fern Braunschweig Braxton-Hicks contraction Brazier Brazil Brazilian Brazilian guava Brazilian monetary unit Brazilian pepper tree Brazilian rosewood Brazilian trumpeter Brazos Brazzaville Bread Breakes Breasting Breathing Brecht Brecknock Breed's Hill Bremen Bremerhaven Bren Brenner Pass Brer Rabbit Brescia Brest Bretagne Breton Breuer Brevoortia Brezhnev Briareus Brickellia Bridegroomes Bridehouse Bridgenorth Bridgeport Bridges Bridget Bridgetown Brie Brigand Brighter Brightness Brighton Brigit Brihaspati Brilliance Brindisi Brinell number Brinton Brioschi Brisbane Bristol Bristol Channel Bristow Britain Britaine Britaines Britannia metal Britannic British British Cabinet British Columbia British Commonwealth British Crown British Empire British Imperial System British Isles British Parliament British Virgin Islands British capacity unit British empiricism British monetary unit British pound British shilling British thermal unit Britisher Briton Britons Brittany Brittany spaniel Britten Brix scale Brno Broadway Brobdingnag Brobdingnagian Broca Broca's area Brocas Brockhouse Brodmann's area Broglie Bromelia Bromeliaceae Bromo-seltzer Bromus Bronte Bronte sisters Bronx Bronx-Whitestone Bridge Bronze Dragon Bronze Star Medal Brooch Brooke Brooklyn Brooklyn Bridge Brooks Broom Broome Brosmius Brotulidae Broussonetia Brown Swiss Brown University Browne Brownian movement Browning Browning automatic rifle Browning machine gun Brownist Brownshirt Brownsville Bruce Brucella Bruch Bruchidae Bruchus Bruckenthalia Bruckner Brueghel Bruges Brugmansia Brule Brumaire Brummagem Brummell Brummie Brunanburh Brundusium Brunei Brunei dollar Bruneian Brunelleschi Brunfelsia Brunhild Bruno Brunswick Brunswick stew Brussels carpet Brussels lace Brutus Bruxelles Brya Bryaceae Bryales Bryan Bryce Canyon National Park Brymd Bryophyta Bryopsida Bryozoa Brythonic Bryum Bubalus Bubble Buber Bubulcus Buccinidae Bucconidae Bucephala Buceros Bucerotidae Buchanan Bucharest Buchenwald Buchloe Buchner Buckingham Buckingham Palace Bucklersbury Budapest Buddha Buddhism Buddhist Budge Budorcas Buena Vista Buenos Aires Bufonidae Buganda Bugbear Building Bujumbura Bukharin Bulawayo Bulette Bulgaria Bulgarian Bulgarian monetary unit Bull Bull Run Bull Shark Bullcalf Bullen Bullens Bullock's oriole Bulmer Bulnesia Bultmann Bumelia Bunche Bundesbank Bungarus Bunker Buster Bunker Hill Bunsen Bunuel Bunyan Bunyaviridae Buphthalmum Bura Burbage Burbank Burberry Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms Bureau of Customs Bureau of Diplomatic Security Bureau of Engraving and Printing Bureau of Intelligence and Research Bureau of Justice Assistance Bureau of Justice Statistics Bureau of the Census Burger Burgoyne Burgundy Burhinidae Burhinus Burk Burke Burkina Faso Burkina Faso franc Burlington Burma padauk Burmannia Burmanniaceae Burmese Burmese cat Burnett Burnham Burning Burns Burnside Burroughs Bursera Burseraceae Burt Burton Burundi Burundi franc Burundian Bush administration Bushido Bushnell Bushy Butea Buteo Butterfield Buttress Buxaceae Buxus Buzzards Bay Byblos Bydgoszcz Byelorussian Byrd Byron Byzantine Byzantine Empire Byzantine architecture Byzantium C C battery C clef C compiler C major C program C-clamp C-horizon C-ration C-reactive protein C.O.D. CD drive CD player CD-R CD-ROM CD-ROM drive CE CENTURION CHORISTERS CLEOPATPA COBOL COUNTREYMAN CPU board Ca Cabell Cabernet Cabernet Sauvignon grape Cabin class Cabind Cabomba Cabombaceae Cabot Cacajao Cacalia Cachi Cacicus Cactaceae Caddo Cades Cadiz Cadmus Cadra Cadwal Cadwallader Caeciliidae Caelius Caelum Caenolestes Caenolestidae Caesalpinia Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpinioideae Caesar Caesar salad Caesarea Caesarian Caesarion Caesars Cagliostro Cagney Cahita Cain Cairene Cairina Cairo Caithness Caius Cajanus Cajun Cakchiquel Cakile Calaber Calabria Caladium bicolor Calais Calamagrostis Calamintha Calandrinia Calchas Calcuttan Calder Calderon Caldron Caldwell Caledonia Caledonian Canal Calen Calf Calgary Cali Cali cartel Caliban Calibans Calidris California California Personality Inventory California black oak California black walnut California bluebell California box elder California condor California four o'clock California fuchsia California lady's slipper California laurel California newt California nutmeg California pitcher plant California poppy California privet California quail California redwood California sagebrush California sea lion California single-leaf pinyon California sycamore California whipsnake California white oak California wine Californian Caligula Calipolis
2014.01.13 21:46 BookwormSkatesWhy do I have 40 pairs of Adidas and 1 pair of Jordans? Because the stuff Adidas puts on sale for <$75 shits on Jordan Brand quality.
I like Adidas because alldayeveryday Adidas is making shoes that are nothing but quality for $100orless. And a bunch of it goes on sale for $75 or less. Tech Super Hook Shot Romcnasty ZX 500 Superstar 80s Basket Profi the low tops are $40 ZX700 more ZX 700 Even under $50 Match Play Beckenbauer Americana 88 Click and check out the up close images. Look at that leather and suede, it's the good stuff. And there's more that's at least as good, probably better than most GR Jordans, for <$40. Pro Models,ARD1,Rod Lavers, even Gazelles, and that's just some of what's on sale. The leather on Superstars, Gazelles, Samoas, Sambas, Pro Models, (and probably Stan Smiths) is at least as good as my Jordans and these have half the retail price if not lower. So yeah, the point is that Adidas is out there all day every day dropping shoes that are not only great looking, but are worth every penny. I can't believe my 1s cost $150 after tax, they look just like any average <$100 Adidas shoe. edit: shoutouts to Nike SB, Asics, and New Balance for keeping quality up as well.
2012.01.09 23:42 VonFunkensteinJan 27th- Cafe DuNord- Quarter Mile Combo Farewell Show with the B-Stars and The Rumble Strippers
A-Town Agency & Events present: Friday Jan. 27th, 2012 Cafe Du Nord, San Francisco Quarter Mile Combo FAREWELL SHOW! Starring! Quarter Mile Combo The B-Stars The Rumble Strippers Dj Tanoa Samoa Boy Dinner Menu, Full Bar, Dance Floor 21+, $12 cover at the historic Cafe Du Nord, San Francisco Quarter Mile Combo: Pure rockin' Americana Rockabilly from this 4 piece act! The Quarter Mile Combos backbone is kept solid by drummer Gary Daly, and Todd Troublemaker's upright bass slappin'. Justin Barr slings sweeping guitar solos and riffs alongside powerhouse vocalist, front woman, Nettie Hammar. With their recent release of "Motels, Gas and Beer", The Quarter Mile Combo's live show will take you down an electrifying winding road of good time rock n roll! The B-Stars: The B-Stars are a San Francisco-based country band that stirs up a hearty stew of honky tonk and hillbilly hits for your listening and dancing pleasure. With nods to the country and western stars of the late 1940s and 1950s, these sharp-suited boys will be singin’ and swingin’ ‘til the break of dawn. The Rumble Strippers: at once embrace and redefine the Rockabilly genre. Singer Johanna Sorrentino, guitarist Benjamin Hudson, doghouse bass slapper Roxane Chicoine, and drummer Eden "Heart Attack" Uscilowski weave together their collective passions for Rockabilly, Psychobilly, Country, Blues, Surf and Soul — bringing a fresh approach and a bold sound to the San Francisco Bay Area's music scene. Dj Tanoa "Samoa Boy": host of "Get with the Beat" Tuesdays 2pm-4pm on 87.9fm, radiovalencia.fm, will be spinning 33 and 45pm, 1930s thru 1960s Toe Tappin Twistin', Hip Shakin, Soul Strollin', Jive Boppin' records...Rockabilly, Classic Country, Jump Blues, Doo Wop, Swingin' Jazz, Boogie & Surf... Music for your dancing, drinking & listening delight... http://www.atownagency.com/http://www.therumblestrippers.com/http://www.thebstars.com/http://www.quartermilecombo.com/http://www.cafedunord.com/ The time has come for Quarter Mile Combo to wind things down and for each of us to move on to new adventures. It has been a long and enjoyable ride involving hundreds of shows in dozens of venues, a handful of States and even a few countries. We got to play Viva Las Vegas a couple of times and even toured Europe last year. We’ve been lucky enough to share the stage with many of our Rock and Roll heroes. We recorded a full length record of all original songs of which we are all very proud. We are grateful for all of the positive reviews and the extensive airplay that Motels Gas & Beer received. What more can you ask for… We want to thank you all for your support over the years and hope that you will join us for our final show at Café Du Nord on Friday January 27th. Our friends, The B Stars and The Rumble Strippers will also be performing and helping us to go out in style. There will be some killer deals on CD’s and T Shirts…everything must go! We hope to see you there… Quarter Mile Combo Tickets on sale now: http://www.ticketweb.com/t3/sale/SaleEventDetail?dispatch=loadSelectionData&eventId=4145995&pl=cdnord
2011.11.25 04:29 DelegateNeroWhat would the result be if the US completed closed it's borders and economy?
First, I'm not interested in patriotic nonsense of any kind (Anti-American or Amero-centric.) I'm not advocating US isolation in any way. This is just an academic question. Second, I searched quite a few terms in AskReddit and couldn't find this being asked previously. Sorry if there was one. Assume that the American government decided, for security, finance, population strain, and survivalism, to recall all American military units, end all commitments with overseas territories (Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, Samoa,) withdrew from all international treaties, organizations, and pacts, gave all American nationals outside of the contiguous 48 states the option to return home (Alaska and Hawaii included,) gave all foreign nationals the chance to leave if they wished, and ordered all US businesses to sell their foreign assets. America gives a notice of 6 months and uses it's returning armed forces to bring US citizens and mobile property home. In response to foreign threats of invasion to keep the country open a national boycott of all foreign products begins, forcing the world to begin the process of transitioning.
A firesale of military equipment that is unrealistic to bring home occurs, bolstering the military strength of former allied nations.
The US government does not change in any significant way. The borders and economy are simply closed.
The military is not used against domestic targets, but as a border patrol.
All communications inside and out of the country are blocked.
$3.2 trillion, or roughly 11% of the world economy, vanishes overnight.
4.5% of the world population disappears.
Roughly 30% of the world's living Nobel Laureates are removed from the population. (Liberally. There would definitely be a brain drain into and out of the country.)
The largest and most well funded space agency (weather tracking and operation of satellites,) is removed from the international community.
$69.9 billion in public and private foreign aid dries up (humanitarian and economic, and military.)
Large portions of the world population (and US population,) throw a huge party. China is the world's sole superpower. The American cultural hegemony and Pax Americana are smashed. Canadian actors are forced to stay in Canada or find work in the UK. What economic, environmental, cultural, and military problems do the US, and conversely the world, have to address? What is the impact after 10, 20, and 50 years? What happens to the Middle East? Southeast Asia? Do France and Germany turn on each other again now that they don't have to counter-balance US influence in Europe? What is the effect on Central and South America, either in terms of the drug trade or an unchecked Venezuela and Brazil? Does the 21st century really become an African Century? Will the US be able to address it's domestic problems without having to turn it's attention to the rest of the world? How would either side of "the wall" be able to address the sudden shortage in natural resources? (In some cases, complete absence.) I'm genuinely interested to see the guesses. I expect a number of people to say something to the effect of "The world and the US would fall apart. The world would recover but the US wouldn't." Neither the rest of the world, nor the US would crawl to a halt. At least not for long. Innovation would continue and resources would be replaced with others. But there are other more knowledgeable people on Reddit who could answer these questions.
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